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Human Rights

posted 11 Jan 2011, 18:42 by Jess Maher   [ updated 11 Jan 2011, 20:08 ]

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (10 December 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris). The Guinness Book of Recordsdescribes the UDHR as the "Most Translated Document"[1] in the world. The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled. It consists of 30 articles which have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws. The International Bill of Human Rights consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, theInternational Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols. In 1966 the General Assembly adopted the two detailed Covenants, which complete the International Bill of Human Rights; and in 1976, after the Covenants had been ratified by a sufficient number of individual nations, the Bill took on the force of international law.[2]

Legal Moralism 

Legal moralism is the theory of jurisprudence which holds that laws may be used to prohibit or require behavior based on whether or notsociety's collective moral judgment is that it is immoral or moral. Legal moralism implies that it is permissible for the state to use its coercive power to enforce society's collective morality.